Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi
Yazarlar: Ahsen ERİM, Şaziye SEÇKİN YILMAZ
Konular:Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Anahtar Kelimeler:early childhood, family education, family centered services, family centered practices, intervention, parent mediated practices, speech and language therapy
Özet: Purpose: It is important to determine the beliefs, attitudes and practices of family participation in the therapy process of speech and language therapists in terms of detecting possible deficiencies in clinical practices. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to examine the beliefs, attitutes and practices of speech and language therapists working with children in early childhood in Turkey regarding family-centered practices. Method: In this research participants, were 100 speech and language therapists from different cities of Turkey. In order to collect the data a surrvey was used which is prepared by the researchers by scanning the relevant literature. The survey consists of 28 question items in total. The survey, which was developed for the purpose of collecting data in the research, was transformed into online format and delivered to speech and langauge therapists. SPSS 21 package program was used for the analysis of the data, and the frequency and percentages of the findings were calculated. Content analysis was also performed for the open-ended question in the survey. Results: In the part of the survey evaluating the practices for family participation in the therapy process, it was observed that the majority of the participants informed the families about the practices performed in therapy after the therapy (96%). When the items of the survey evaluating family-centered approaches used by speech and langauge therapists were examined, most of the participants (60%) stated that they mostly preferred family-centered approaches when working with children with delayed speech. In addition to these, in the survey in which the situations that negatively affect family participation in the therapy process were questioned, the majority of the participants (71%) stated that they thought that families bringing their children to therapy would be sufficient for their children. Following this, it was stated that the facilities of the speech and language therapits’ workplace (38%) and the families' reluctance to participate to therapy process (36%) negatively affected family participation in therapy. Conclusion: The results of this study show that speech and language therapists participating in this study have generally positive attitudes towards family centered practices. More specifically, it was seen that participants are clinician-centered, especially in the planning phase of the therapy. On the other hand they adopt a family-centered approach to supporting therapy practices at home.